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LB&SCR Steam Locomotive Headcodes

The headcodes detailed on this page are those used by the London Brighton & South Coast Railway from 1922. A white disc was shown during daylight hours, with a white lamp used during darkness, to designate the following routes:-
(N.B. All references to the"Through Line" refer to the "Quarry Line" and for "following pages" read "this page").
ENGINE HEAD CODES
(a) General.-The diagrams on the followowing pages show the Engine Head Boards to be carried by Day, and positions of the Lamps to be carried by Night, by all trains, Special and Ordinary, over the various sections of the Line.
Drivers are held responsible for the proper Head Boards and Lights being carried on their engines, but should they be in doubt as to what to carry, they must refer to the Traffic Staff.
The Board is of circular pattern, 15 inches in diameter, and painted white:-
White Disc
The Lamps show White Lights, and are carried by Night in the same positions as the Boards by Day.
(b) Changing Codes en route.-In some cases it will be necessary to change Head Boards or Lamps during the journey, and Drivers must be careful to make the proper changes. At Stations or Signal Boxes where a change of Engine Head Signals is necessary, a stoppage must be made for the purpose. Enginemen are prohibited from leaving the footplate to change Head Signals while their Engines are in motion.
(c) Royal Special Trains, and Special Trains conveying Distinguished Personages.- The Head Boards and Lights for Royal Special Trains, and Special Trains conveying Distinguished Personages, are as under:-
Royal Special Trains Conveying His Majesty The King Or Her Majesty The Queen, Or Both - Engine will carry by day, two white boards, with a crown painted on them, one over each buffer.
By night, or in foggy weather, four white headlights, one over each buffer, one in centre of buffer beam, and one top of smoke-box.
Royal Special Trains Conveying His Royal Highness The Prince Of Wales - Engine will carry by day, three white boards, with the Prince of Wale's feathers painted on them, one over each buffer and one top of smoke-box.
By night, or in foggy weather, four white headlights, one over each buffer, one in centre of buffer beam, and one top of smoke-box.
Special Trains Conveying Distinguished Personages - Engine will carry by day, four head boards, one over each buffer, one top of smoke-box and one in centre of buffer beam.
By night, or in foggy weather, four white headlights, over each buffer, one in centre of buffer beam, and one top of smoke-box.
(d) West London Line Trains.- Through Trains from the West London Line (other than for those carrying Codes Nos. 2, 8, 14 and 24) change Head Codes at Clapham Junction. Up Trains for the West London LIne will carry No. 14 Head Codes.
((e)) Victoria, Battersea Wharf and Brighton, Eastbourne, Hastings &c. (via Crystal Palace) - These Trains to carry Coulsdon and Smitham Downs Head Codes between Victoria &c. and East Croydon; other part of the journey, London Bridge Head Codes for the respective places.
(f) Engines from Battersea Yard (via Incline Road) - Drivers of Engines from Battersea Yard to Victoria, via Incline Line, must carry on leading end of Engine, Victoria Head Boards or Lights, and on stopping at Battersea Park Junction reverse the position of the Boards or Lamps to the other end of those Engines.
Drivers proceeding via Incline Line to Clapham Junction or Stations beyond must carry on the leading end of their Engines, Head Boards or Lights according to Destination.
Headcode Headcode
1 2
London Bridge, Willow Walk and Brighton via Red Hill
London Bridge and Portsmouth via Peckham Rye
Victoria, Battersea Yard, Streatham Hill and Crystal Palace (London side)
Oxted and Tunbridge Wells via East Grinstead High Level
Lwews to Eastbourne
Eastbourne and Hastings via Spur Line
London Bridge, Willow Walk West Croydon, Epsom, Dorling, Horsham and Portsmouth
London Bridge and Crystal Palace via Tulse Hill
Victoria, Battersea Yard and Brighton, also Down Trains Kensington or Lillie Bridge to Brighton (via Thornton Heath and Through Line)
Deptford Wharf and Old Kent Road
East Croydon and Wimbledon. (Note:- Goods Trains between Norwood Junction, Waddon Marsh and Mitcham Junction carry Code No. 3)
Three Bridges and Eridge
Brighton, East Grinstead and Oxted via Lewes
Brighton and The Dyke
Brighton and Kemp Town
Pulborough and Chichester via Midhurst
Havant and Hayling Island
Tunbridge Wells LB&SC and Tunbridge Wells SE&C, Carrying Train Staff
*Note:- When carrying Train Ticket an additional Board or Light must be carried on near side end of buffer beam
Headcode Headcode
3 4
London Bridge and Streatham Common (via South London Line and Streatham Spur Line.) (Note:- Trains via Norwood to carry Code No 12)
Victoria and Battersea Yard (Empties). Also Engines via Battersea Park Junction or Stewart's Lane Junction
Crystal Palace, East Croydon, West Croydon, Stoon &c, to Battersea Yard (Light Engines only)
Tunbridge Wells and Eastbourne
Brighton, Newhaven and Seaford
Brighton and Horsham (via Shoreham)
Horsham Ns Three Bridges and Horley
Ford and Littlehampton, Barnham Junction and Bognor
Portsmouth to Fratton (Light Engines). (Note:- Light Engines Fratton to Portsmouth carry same Head Boards or Lights as they will on the Trains they are going to work)
London Bridge and Coulsdon and S Downs
London Brisge and Victoria (via South London Line)
Deptford Wharf and New Cross
Sutton and Epsom Downs
Woodside and Selsdon Road
Three Bridges and Tunbridge Wells
Brighton, Haywards Heath and East Grinstead, via Horsted Keynes. Also Up Trains from East Branch to East Grinstead. (Note:- Down Trains East Grinstead or Horsted Keynes to East Branch carry Codes Nos 19 or 20)
Brighton and Portsmouth
Brighton and Hastings (direct from Polegate)
* Horsham and Guildford
* Note:- (When carrying Train Ticket between Christs Hospital and Baynards and additional board or light must be carried on off side end of buffer beam.)
Headcode Headcode
5 6
London Bridge, Clapham Junction & Victoria (via Tulse Hill)
Light Engines, Coulsdon & S Downs, Purley, Purley Oaks, South and East Croydon to West Croydon (via Selhurst)
Sutton, Mitcham and Wimbledon
Brighton and Tunbridge Wells via Uckfield
London Bridge and New Cross - Empties London Bridge to New Cross Up Side via South Bermondsey or Blue Ancjor, and Empties New Cross to London Bridge via South Bermondsey
Shoreditch and New Cross
Victoris, Battersea Yard and Oxted (via Thornton Heath)
Oxted and Brighton (via Eridge)
Crystal Palace, West Croydon and Sutton
Three Bridges and Portsmouth. Including short Trains between Ford Junction, Arundel, Pulboro' and Horsham
Headcode Headcode
7 8
London Bridge and Wimbledon (via Upper Loop). Returning via Lower Loop
Brighton and Littlehampton direct
Kensington, Lillie Bridge and Clapham Junction, also West London Trains to and from East Croydon (via Crystal Palace)
London Bridge, Willow Walk and Brighton (via Through Line)
Victoria, Battersea Yard, Micham, Sutton, Epsom, Dorking, Horsham and Portsmouth. Also Down Trains, Kensington or Lillies Bridge to same places
Headcode Headcode
9 10
London Bridge, Willow Walk and Oxted
Oxted and Tunbridge Wells
Victoria, Battersea Yard, West Croydon and Sutton (via Thornton Heath)
Haywards Heath, Worthing and Bognor (via Preston Park Spur Line), also Brighton and Bognor (Down Trains only.) Up Trains to Brighton carry Portsmouth Head Codes
Horsham and Bognor Up Trains going beyond Horsham carry Portsmouth Head Codes according to route
London Bridge to New Cross. Empties (via Old Kent Road)
Victoria, Battersea Yard and Brighton (via Thornton Heath and Redhill)
Empties and Light Engines to New Cross. From Peckham Rye and Stations below (via Okd Kent Road Spur Line)
Lewes and Seaford. Up Trains, Seaford or Newhaven to London to carry same Boards or Lights as Trains from Hastings to London direct.
Headcode Headcode
11 12
London Brisge and Victoria (via Norwood Junction)
London Bridge or New Cross and Eardley Sidings
Brighton and Hove via Preston Park (Engines to turn)
London Bridge and London Bridge, (via Norwood Junction and Streatham Common)
Victoria and Kensington (via Sterart's Lane)
Horsham and Littlehampton direct. Up Trains going beyond Horsham carry Portsmouth Head Codes according to route
Headcode Headcode
13 14
London Bridge and Crystal Palace (via Sydenham)
Victoria, Battersea Yard, and Coulsdon and S Downs (via Crystal Palace)
Empties, London Bridge to New Cross Down Side via South Bermondsey or Blue Anchor, and Empties, New Cross to London Bridge via Blue Anchor
Kensington, Lillie Bridge and Norwood Junction (via Thornton Heath). Also Up Trains from any other part of the System to Lillie Bridge or Kensington
Headcode Headcode
15 16
London Bridge and Brighton (via Streatham Spur and Through Line)
Victoria and Epsom Downs (via Mitcham Junction)
London Bridge, Willow Walk and Portsmouth (via Through Line and Three Bridges)
Victoria or Battersea Yard and Eardley Sidings
Headcode Headcode
17 18
London Bridge, Willow Walk and Portsmouth (via Redhill and Three Bridges)
London Bridge and Epsom Downs (via Peckham Rye)
Victoria, Battersea Yard and Portsmouth (via Thornton Heath, Through Line and Three Bridges)
Headcode Headcode
19 20
London Bridge and Eastbourne via Red Hill and Keymer Line London Bridge, Willow Walk and Hastings (via Redhill and Keymer Line)
Headcode Headcode
21 22
London Bridge and Eastbourne (via Through Line and Keymer Line)
London Bridge, Willow Walk and Hastings (via Through Line and Keymer Line)
Headcode Headcode
23 24
Victoria and Eastbourne (via Thornton Heath, Red Hill and Keymer Line)
Victoria, Battersea Yard and Hastinga (via Thorton Heath, Redhill and Keymer Line)
London Bridge and Epsom Downs (via West Croydon)
Through G W Co's Trains to GWR:_
Down Trains will carry Codes Nos 7 or 14
Headcode Headcode
25 26
Victoria and Eastbourne (via Thornton Heath, Through Line and Keymer Line) Victoria, Battersea Yard and Hastings (via Thornton Heath, Through Line and Keymer Line)
Down Trains Kensington or Lillie Bridge to Hastings
London Bridge and Wimbledon (via Lower Loop). Reeturning by Upper Loop
Headcode Headcode
27 28
Through L B & S C Co's Trains tp G WR (via Thornton Heath)
Down Trains will carry Codes Nos 7 or 14
Through Trains L B & S C R to L & N W R (via Thornton Heath
Down Trains will carry Codes Nos 7 or 14
Headcode Headcode
29 30
Victoria and Coulsdon and S Downs (via Thornton Heath) Break Down Tool Van Trains, on outward journey only. On return journey boards or lights must be acrried according to route

HEAD-BOARDS AND LIGHTS OF FOREIGN COMPANIES' TRAINS WORKING OVER
JOINT LINES, OR CERTAIN PORTIONS OF L.B. & S.C. Rly
GREAT EASTERN TRAINS
Liverpool Street and Whitechapel Sidings to New Cross (L.B. & S.C.) and New Cross (L.B. & S.C. or G.E. Depot) to Liverpool Street
  By Day - Two Boards, One Green with White rim on top of Smoke Box, and one Green with White rim centre of Buffer Beam
By Night - Two Lamps. One Green Light on top of Smoke Box and one Green Light centre of Buffer Beam
Liverpool Street and Whitechapel Sidings to New Cross (G.E.) Depot
By Day: - Two Boards, One Green with White rim on top of Smoke Box, and one White Board in centre of Buffer Beam
By Night - Two Lamps. One Green Light on top of Smoke Box and one White Light centre of Buffer Beam
New Cross (L.B. & S.C. or G,E. Depot) to Whitechapel Sidings
By Day - Two Boards, One Green with White rim at each end of Buffer Beam
By Night - Two Lamps. One Green Light at each end of Buffer Beam
Note. - All engines running over the East London Line during daylight must carry a white light on the buffer beam while travelling between Shoreditch and Surrey Docks Stations

GREAT NORTHERN TRAINS
Stewart's Lane Junction and Battersea Yard
By Day: - Two White Discs onright hand Buffer, one above the other
By Night: - Two White Lights on right hand Buffer, one above the other
Factory Junction and Clapham Junction (L. & S.W.)
By Day: - Three white Discs, one top of Smoke Box and two off-side of Buffer Beam
By Night: - Three white Lights, one top of Smoke Box and two off-side of Buffer Beam
Factory Junction and Brentford (L. & S.W.)
By Day: - Three white Discs, one top of Smoke Box and two off-side of Buffer Beam
By Night: - Three white Lights, one top of Smoke Box and two off-side of Buffer Beam
Tulse Hill and Streatham Common
By Day: - Two Discs of Buffer Beam, White Disc on top, White Disc with Black Rim and Black Bull's eye beneath
By Night: - Threee Lights, two off-side of Buffer Beam, Blue Light on top, White Light beneath and one white light near side of Buffer Beam

GREAT WESTERN TRAINS
Battersea and Victoria
Passenger Trains .. By Day: - One unlighted lamp at foot of chimney
By Night: - One green light at foot of chimney and one white light in centre of Buffer Beam
Goods Trains .. By Day: - One White Diamond on centre of Buffer Beam, and one White Diamond over left hand Buffer
By Night: - White Lights in same position as by day

Old Oak Common to Stewart's Lane
By Day: - Two Unlighted Lamps, one in centre of Buffer Beam, one near side of Buffer Beam
By Night: - Two White Lights in same positions

Old Oak Common to South Lambeth Goods Depot
By Day: - Three Unlighted Lamps, one top of Smoke Box, one centre Buffer Beam and one off side of Buffer Beam
By Night: - Three White Lights in same positions

ISLE OF WIGHT TRAINS
Ryde St Johns and Ryde Pier Head
By Day: - Green Disc Centre of Smoke Box
By Night: - Green Light Centre of Smoke Box

ISLE OF WIGHT CENTRAL TRAINS
Ryde St Johns and Ryde Pier Head
Passenger Trains .. By Day: - Unlighted Lamp off side of Buffer Beam
By Night: - White Light off side of Buffer Beam
Light Engines .. By Day: - Unlighted Lamp near side of Buffer Beam
By Night: - White Light near side of Buffer Beam

LONDON AND NORTH WESTERN TRAINS
Willesden and Victoria
By Day: - Destination Board in front, and one White Diamond-shaped Board at foot of Chimney
By Night: - One White Light at foot of Chimney
Rail Motors: - When engine in front, same as passenger trains; when motor coach in front, by day Head Lamp on near side over Buffer; by night, White Light on near side over Buffer
Willesden and East Croydon Local
By Day: - One White Diamond-shaped Board at right hand side of Chimney and Destination Board in front
By Night: - One White Light at foot of Chimney, and one White Light over left Buffer
Goods Trains, Willesden and Clapham Junction (Falcon Lane)
By Day: - No Board
By Night: - One White Light each end of Buffer Beam and one White Light centre of Buffer Beam

LONDON AND SOUTH WESTERN TRAINS
By Day
Stewart's Lane Junction and Battersea Yard (Worked by Midland Coy)
  By Day: - One White Round Board on top of Smoke Box, one White Round Board in centre of Buffer Beam
By Night: - One White Light on top of Smoke Box, and White Light on near side of Smoke Box
* Portsmouth Harbour to Fratton (Light Engines)
* Light Engines Fratton to Portsmouth carry same Head Boards or Lights as the Trains they are going to work
Portsmouth Harbour and Cosham
Two Round White Boards on off side of Smoke Box, one centre of Buffer Beam,
also
Two Round White Boards, one each side of Smoke Box,
also
Two Round White Boards, one top of Smoke Box, one centre of Buffer Beam,
Portsmouth Harbour and Havant
Three Round White Boards, one each side of Buffer Beam, off side of Smoke Box
Havant and Cosham
One Round White Board near side of Smoke Box
Leatherhead and Epsom
Two Round White Board, one top of Smoke Box, near side of Smoke Box
Wimbledon and Tulse Hill (via Merton Abbey)
One Round White Board, centre of Buffer Beam
Wimbledon and Tulse Hill (via Haydons Road)
Three Round White Boards, one each side of Smoke Box and one centre of Buffer Beam
By Night
White Lights will be carried in the same positions as the Boards

METROPOLITAN TRAINS
New Cross to Hammersmith
  One White Light near side end of Buffer Beam, and one Purple Light in centre above them
New Cross to Shoreditch
  Two White Lights, each end of Buffer Beam
Hammersmith to New Cross
  One White Light each end of Buffer Beam, and one Purple Light in centre above them
Shoreditch to New Cross
  Two White Lights each end of Buffer Beam, and one White Light in centre above

MIDLAND TRAINS
Stewart's Lane Junction and Battersea Yard
  By Day: - One Round White Board each end of Buffer Beam
By Night: - Two Blue Lights, one top of Smoke Box, and one on off side end of Buffer Beam

SOUTH EASTERN AND CHATHAM TRAINS
London and Bricklayers' Arms Branch
  By Day: - One Round White Board each end of Buffer Beam
London and Redhill
  Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board top of Smoke Box and one Round White Board off side end of Buffer Beam
London and Caterham or Chipstead Lines
  Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board top of Smoke Box and one Round White Board near side end of Buffer Beam
Purley and Tadworth (Local)
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board near side end of Buffer Beam
Purley and Caterham (Local)
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board off side end of Buffer Beam
London, Oxted and Crowhurst Junction (via Croydon)
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board with Black Cross top of Smoke Box and one Round White Board off side end of Buffer Beam
London, Oxted and Crowhurst Junction (via Croydon)
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board with Black Cross top of Smoke Box and one Round White Board off side end of Buffer Beam
London, Oxted and Crowhurst Junction (via Mid Kent)
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board near side end of Buffer Beam
Victoria, Stewarts Lane and Clapham Junction (L. & S.W.)
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board with Black Cross each end of Buffer Beam
Clapham Junction (L. & S.W.) and Holborn
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board with Black Cross each end of Buffer Beam
Norwood and Beckenham
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board near side end of Buffer Beam
Crystal Palace and Beckenham
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board off side end of Buffer Beam
Tunbridge Wells (L.B amp; S.C) and Tunbridge Wells (S.E. & C.)
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board near side end of Buffer Beam
Bopeep Junction and Hastings
Day Ordinary: - One Round White Board with Black Cross top of Smoke Box and one Round White Board near side end of Buffer Beam
also
One Round White Board top of Smoke Box and one Round White Board with Black Cross off side end of Buffer Beam
Royal Special
By Day: - One Round White Board top of Smoke Box and one Round White Board each end of Buffer Beam
Breakdown Van Special
By Day: - One Round White Board with Black Cross top of Smoke Box and one Round White Board with Black Cross each end of Buffer Beam

Notes
By nights: - White Lights are carried in the White Board position, and Green Lights in the Black Cross Board positions

Special trains (except between London and Bricklayers' Arms Branch) carry in addition to above Codes a lamp in the centre of Buffer Beam unlighted by day, and a White Light in same position by night.

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This page was created 1 August 2020